Affect vs. Effect Exercise

Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is one of several forms of present tense in English. It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements.


·         For habits
He drinks tea at breakfast.
She only eats fish.
They watch television regularly.

·         For repeated actions or events
We catch the bus every morning.
It rains every afternoon in Trichy.
They drive to Ooty every summer.

·         For general truths
Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.

·         For fixed arrangements
Raj arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday starts on the 26th March

Forming the simple present Tense: 




I think

Do I think?

I do not think

You think

Do you think?

You do not think

He thinks

Does he think?

He does not think

She thinks

Does she think?

She does not think

It thinks

Does it think?

It does not think

We think

Do we think?

We do not think.

They think

Do they think?

They do not think.

For example:

  • I walk.
  • You dance.
  • We run.
  • They exist.
  • Rivers flow.

Notes on the simple present, third person singular

  • In the third person singular the verb always ends in -s:

he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.

  • Negative and question forms use DOES (= the third person of the auxiliary ‘DO’) + the infinitive of the verb.

He wants ice cream. Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla.

Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies:

  • fly –> flies, cry –> cries

Exception: if there is a vowel before the –y:

play –> plays, pray –> prays

  • Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch:

he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

  • He goesto school every morning.
  • She understands
  • It mixesthe sand and the water.
  • He triesvery hard.
  • She enjoysplaying the piano.


#1. I ____ Tennis

#2. The train ____ tonight at 6 pm

#3. Cats ____ milke

#4. Birds ____ insects

#5. It usually ____ everyday here

#6. We generally ____ songs together

#7. We ____ to the market every Sunday

#8. She ____ an e-mail to her mother

#9. It ____ very delicious in the kitchen

#10. She ____ to work by car

#11. They ____ every day

#12. We ____ in the afternoon

#13. He ____ early every day

#14. Every child ____ an ice-cream

#15. My mother never ____

#16. She ____ a lot